The word “analysis” exists because it has something to do within various disciplines of our lives.
In philosophy, analysis is used as a technique by different philosophers to consolidate various facts and form a philosophical belief that is useful to our everyday lives.
In addition, analysis is also used in various disciplines of computer science, such as the formulation of algorithms, evaluation of the behavior of different computer programs as well as the design and execution of a computer software.
Even in crime investigation, analysis is an important element. It is used in solving crimes by gathering all the facts and analyzes all possibilities why the crime happened through gathered facts and possibilities. Furthermore, cryptography which is used to protect all important and sensitive government and/or private documents and data make use of analysis to obtain the meaning of an encrypted message.
And mind you, analysis is an inevitable and much needed component for every stock market player. In fact, there are two different kinds of analysis in the stock market— the fundamental and technical analysis.
Among the two kinds, the technical analysis brings more importance to stock market players. In fundamental analysis, you will evaluate a security (which in this case, is a company’s stock) by attempting to determine its intrinsic value by evaluating various related financial factors within the dimension of the company. In other words, it speaks of analyzing the characteristics of the company itself in order to determine the stock’s value.
On the other hand, technical analysis takes a very different approach. It does not take into account the characteristics of the company to determine the value of the stuck. Instead, technical analysis experts looks on the price movements (both past and present) in the market to determine the value of the stock and identify if it is profitable to distribute it in the market within the given frame of time.
The evaluation of price movement in technical analysis does not limit alone to the actual market value of the stock. It also includes the movement of the stock’s volume in the market and its open interest.
In order to facilitate the conduct of a successful technical analysis of a company’s stock, there are various indicators that are used for such purpose. Some of these are as follows:
->Moving Average- the stock’s time and price series can be evaluated as a representation of a longer-term trend thus leads to smoothing out short-term fluctuations or “noise”. In other words, the moving average indicator is used to obtain a clean and profitable trend by filtering out short-term fluctuations which is a primary element that affects the performance of stocks in the market.
->Bollinger Bands- it is a technical analysis indicator formulated by John Bollinger during the 1980’s. It involves the concept of trading bands and is used to determine the relative higher or lower price of a stock. It employs the use of 3 lines (the lower band, the upper band, and the centerline) to define the range of stock prices.
->Relative Strength Index (RSI) – it is a technical analysis oscillator that shows stock price strength through the comparison of downward and upward close-to-close movements.
->Accumulation and Distribution Index- it is an increasing total volume which involves the addition or subtraction of stock volume in proportion with the day wherein the close is identified between the day’s low and high.
There are other indicators that are used in technical analysis of stocks. Stock traders must learn how to use these indicators to determine the performance of stocks in the market and identify if they will gain profit or lose investment at the end of the trading day.